Felsted Primary School



Science overview:

Year group 

Autumn 1 

Autumn 2 

Spring 1 

Spring 2 

Summer 1 

Summer 2 


Explore the seasons and the changing states of matter.  Explore the natural world around them.  Draw pictures of animals and plants. Listen to and make sounds.  Explore shadows and how wind moves objects.  Know similarities and differences between the natural world them and contrasting environments. 



Explore, describe and group everyday materials. 


Seasonal changes – Autumn to Winter 


Senses and the body 

Name parts of body and the senses. 


Spring to Summer 




Animals and plants. 

Fish, amphibians, reptiles and mammals.  Carnivores, herbivores, omnivores. 


Summer to Autumn 


Uses of Materials 

Shapes of materials can change with force 

Uses of Everyday Materials 

Suitability of a variety of everyday materials.   


Animals, including Humans  

Basic needs of animals for survival, offspring grow into adults, 

Animals, including Humans  

Importance of exercise, healthy diet and hygiene. 



Living Things and their habitats 

Most living things live in habitats to which they are suited, identify/name plants and animals in their habitats, simple food chain, identify/name different sources of food. 


Seeds and bulbs growing into mature plants, what plants need to grow/stay healthy,  


Animals including humans 

Humans and some other animals have skeletons, and muscles for support, movement and protection. Healthy diet – nutrition comes from what we eat. 




Light is needed to see and is refected from surfaces.  Sunlight can be dangerous.  Explore shadows.  

Forces and magnets 

Compare movement on different surfaces, forces need contact between 2 objects, magnetic forces can act at a distance, magnets have 2 poles, explore how the attract and repel each other. 


Group rocks by appearance and simple physical properties, how fossils are formed,  soild are made from rocks/organic matter. 


Function of different parts of flowering plants, requirements of plants for life and growth – how this varies.  Life cycle of a flowering plant.   





Animals including humans 

Basic parts of the digestive system, different types of teeth and their functions.  

Living Things and their habitats 

Grouping living things, classification keys, environments can change. 



How sounds are made, vibrations travel from medium to ear, pitch, volume and distance 




Simple series curcuits, cells, wires, bulbs,  switches, buzzers, use of a switch, conductors and insulators. 

 States of matter  

Solids, liquids and gases.  Some materials change state with heat.  Evaporation/condensation as part of the water cycle. 




Earth and Space 

Movement of the earth and other planets relative to the sun in the solar system, Earth's rotation to explain day and night, the solar system, moon orbits the planet. 


Gravity, air resistance, water resistance, friction.  Mechanisms – pulleys, levers and gears. 


Properties and changes of Material 

Compare/group magterials, separate mixtures – filtering, sieving, and evaporating.  Some changes result in the formation of new materials, reversible/irreversible changes 

Properties and changes of Material 

Compare/group magterials, separate mixtures – filtering, sieving, and evaporating.  Some changes result in the formation of new materials, reversible/irreversible changes 

Living things and their habitats 

Life cycles of mammals, amphibians, insects and birds.  animal behaviours, sexual/asexual reproduction. 

Animals including humans 

Changes as humans develop into old age –puberty. 



Light travels in straight lines.  How we see – structure of the eye.  Explaining shadow shapes. 

Living things and their habitat 

Classification including micro-organisms, plants and animals.  Reasons for classifying plants and animals based on characteristics.  


Animals including humans 

Circulatory system, heart, blood, vessels.  Effect of diet, drugs and alcohol on body.   


Associate brightness of lamp or volume of buzzer with voltage of cell, use symbols when representing a simple curcuit, construct simple series curcuits – exploring different components – switches, bulbs, buzzers and motors. 


Living things change over time – fossils give us information.  Offspring vary and are not identical to parents.  Animals and plants have adapted to suit their environment – evolution. 

Science of Sport